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Environmental Security and Sustaining Peace

SDG Academy

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Overview

Conflicts over natural resources and the environment are among the greatest challenges in 21st century geopolitics. These conflicts present serious threats to human security at both the national and local levels. Natural resources and the environment can nonetheless serve as a vehicle for peace if managed in a sustainable and equitable manner. Environmental peacebuilding has emerged as a new frontier in interdisciplinary studies. It offers a conceptual and operational framework to understand the positive peacebuilding potential of natural resources across the conflict lifecycle while mitigating potential risks.

This 8-week massive open online course (MOOC) on Environmental Security and Sustaining Peace provides an in-depth introduction to the multiple roles that natural resources and the environment play in the onset, escalation, and resolution of, and recovery from, violent conflicts. Many of the considerations and approaches in this course are also relevant to understanding and addressing social conflicts around natural resources and the environment.

Syllabus

Module 1: Course Overview (Week 1)
1.1 Welcome and Introduction
1.2 Evolution of Environment, Peace, and Conflict Linkages
1.3 Conceptual Framework for Environmental Peacebuilding
1.4 Case Study: Environmental Peacebuilding in Colombia
1.5 Case Study: Extractives and Peacebuilding in Aynak, Afghanistan

Module 2: Natural Resources and Conflict Causes (Weeks 2 and 3)
2.1 Introduction to Module 2
2.2 Drivers of Violent Conflict Emergence
2.3 Case Study: Diamonds and Conflict in Sierra Leone
2.4 Climate Stress, Conflict, and Peacebuilding
2.5 Case Study: Climate Change Dimensions of the Arab Spring
2.6 Governance and Resilience
2.7 Transparency and Access to Information
2.8 Conflict Sensitivity
2.9 Mediating Natural Resource Conflicts
2.10 Case Study: Land as a Conflict Driver in Sierra Leone
2.11 Wrap-up of Module 2

Module 3: Natural Resources and the Environment during Armed Conflict (Weeks 4 and 5)
3.1 Introduction to Module 3
3.2 The Importance of Natural Resources during Conflict
3.3 Environmental Impacts of Armed Conflict
3.4 Breakdown of Environmental Governance and Social Relationships
3.5 Conflict Resources and Pillage
3.6 Case Study: Blood Chocolate - Cacao and Conflict in Côte d'Ivoire
3.7 National Tools for Addressing Conflict Resources
3.8 International Law Protecting the Environment during Armed Conflict
3.9 Implementing International Law during Armed Conflict
3.10 UN Security Council Tools for Addressing Resource Conflicts
3.11 Case Study: Diamonds, Timber, and Conflict in Liberia
3.12 Natural Resources in Peace Agreements
3.13 Wrap-up of Module 3

Module 4: Post-Conflict Environmental Peacebuilding (Weeks 6 and 7)
4.1 Introduction to Module 4
4.2 Environment and Natural Resources in Post-Conflict Assessments
4.3 Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources for Recovery
4.4 Natural Resources in Security and Stabilization
4.5 Restoring Livelihoods and Building Resilience
4.6 Resources as Entry Points for Dialogue and Cooperation
4.7 Case Study: Cooperation around Shared Water in the Jordan River
4.8 Rebuilding Environmental Governance
4.9 Empowering Women in Natural Resource Management and Peacebuilding
4.10 Spatial Planning and Recovery
4.11 Mitigating Environmental Impacts of Reconstruction
4.12 Coordination in Peacebuilding
4.13 Case Study: Environmental Peacebuilding through Water Management in Wadi El Ku, Sudan
4.14 Wrap-up of Module 4

Module 5: Course Wrap-up and Final Assessment (Week 8)
5.1 Course Wrap-up and Final Assessment

Taught by

Erika Weinthal, Richard Matthew and Marc Levy

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