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Natural Resources for Sustainable Development

SDG Academy

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Overview

About this Course:

Natural Resources for Sustainable Development: The Fundamentals of Oil, Gas, and Mining Governance, a joint course by the Natural Resource Governance Institute, the Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment, and the World Bank, gives students an understanding of the key challenges and opportunities that come with managing extractive industry investments for sustainable development. It has been updated with new content and new languages for the semesters beginning February 2018.

This course builds knowledge to make the most of oil, gas, and minerals, while mitigating the risks that these industries bring. It outlines the various complex and interrelated aspects of natural resource governance, including: understanding the governance and industry fundamentals; developing and implementing robust and transparent legal frameworks; designing fiscal regimes to capture a fair share of the revenues; managing environmental risks; engaging with communities; leveraging investments for infrastructure and business linkages; and managing revenues for economic diversification and development, among others.

By joining this course, you are becoming part of a global movement of citizens and practitioners committed to harnessing the transformational impacts of these resources. The success of the course depends on an active student base that represents a diversity of experiences, geographies, and perspectives.

Syllabus

1 Challenges and opportunities

1.0 Introduction to the course
Lisa Sachs, Director, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment
Patrick Heller, Advisor, Natural Resource Governance Institute
1.1 Short history of oil, gas, and mining
Jeffrey Sachs, University Professor, Columbia University and Director, Sustainable Development Solutions Network
1.2 Challenges and opportunities of oil, gas, and mining
Jeffrey Sachs, University Professor, Columbia University and Director, Sustainable Development Solutions Network
1.3 The decision chain of natural resource management (I)
Paul Collier, Professor of Economics and Public Policy, Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford University
1.4 The decision chain of natural resource management (II)
Paul Collier, Professor of Economics and Public Policy, Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford University

2 Political economy of natural resources

2.0 Introduction to Module 2
2.1 How natural resources shape and are shaped by political context
Alexandra Gillies, Advisor, Natural Resource Governance Institute
2.2 Corruption trends in the extractive sector
Alexandra Gillies, Advisor, Natural Resource Governance Institute
2.3 International governance initiatives
Alexandra Gillies, Advisor, Natural Resource Governance Institute
2.4 Natural resources and the broader governance framework
Daniel Kaufmann, President & CEO, Natural Resource Governance Institute
2.5 Transparency and accountability
Daniel Kaufmann, President & CEO, Natural Resource Governance Institute
2.6 (Optional) Towards evidence driven policy reform using the Resource Governance Index
Daniel Kaufmann, President & CEO, Natural Resource Governance Institute

3 Fundamentals of oil, gas, and mining: industry considerations and policy implications

3.0 Introduction to Module 3
3.1 From oil well to car - market, players, and extraction process in oil
Mark Moody-Stuart, Chairman, Hermes Equity Ownership Services
3.2 From mine to mobile phone - market, players, and extraction process in mining
Mark Moody-Stuart, Chairman, Hermes Equity Ownership Services
3.3 How a company decides to invest in a project
Mark Moody-Stuart, Chairman, Hermes Equity Ownership Services
3.4 The project development process
Antonio Pedro, Director, UNECA Sub-Regional Office for Eastern Africa
3.5 Evolving technology
Antonio Pedro, Director, UNECA Sub-Regional Office for Eastern Africa
3.6 (Optional) Fundamentals of energy and petroleum
Carole Nakhle, Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Crystol Energy

4 Legal overview

4.0 Introduction to Module 4
4.1 Legal and regulatory frameworks for extractive industries
Patrick Heller, Advisor, Natural Resource Governance Institute
4.2 Allocation of rights
Paulo de Sa, Practice Manager, Energy and Extractives Practice, World Bank
4.3 Implementation and monitoring of legal frameworks
Patrick Heller, Advisor, Natural Resource Governance Institute
4.4 International law and the extractive industries
Lise Johnson, Head, Investment Law and Policy, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment
4.5 State-owned enterprises: Role and governance
Patrick Heller, Advisor, Natural Resource Governance Institute
4.6 (Optional) Regional harmonization: Case studies from Africa
Antonio Pedro, Director, UNECA Sub-Regional Office for Eastern Africa5 Fiscal regime design and revenue collection

5.0 Introduction to Module 5

5.1 Resource economics and fiscal regime principles
Matthew Genasci, Founder, Mining Policy Group
5.2 Fiscal instruments I: Royalty/tax systems
Matthew Genasci, Founder, Mining Policy Group
5.3 Fiscal instruments II: Contract-based systems
Matthew Genasci, Founder, Mining Policy Group
5.4 Fiscal regime implementation
Matthew Genasci, Founder, Mining Policy Group

6 Anticipating and managing environmental issues

6.0 Introduction to Module 6
6.1 Environmental challenges and trends: oil and gas
Daniel Franks, Programme Manager, United Nations Development Programme
6.2 Environmental challenges and trends: mining
Daniel Franks, Programme Manager, United Nations Development Programme
6.3 Managing environmental challenges
Daniel Franks, Programme Manager, United Nations Development Programme
6.4 Extractives and climate change
Jeffrey Sachs, University Professor, Columbia University and Director, Sustainable Development Solutions Network
6.5 Environmental impact assessments and environmental due diligence
Saleem Ali, Blue and Gold Distinguished Professor of Energy and the Environment University of Delaware

7 Community rights

7.0 Introduction to Module 7
7.1 Social impact and engagement
Deanna Kemp, Director, Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining, The University of Queensland
7.2 Human rights and the global mining industry
Deanna Kemp, Director, Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining, The University of Queensland
7.3 Mining and vulnerable populations
Deanna Kemp, Director, Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining, The University of Queensland
7.4 Agreements between Companies and Indigenous Communities
Deanna Kemp, Director, Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining, The University of Queensland

8 Artisanal mining

8.0 Introduction to Module 8
8.1 Introduction to artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM)
Cristina Villegas, Deputy Director, Mines to Markets, Pact
8.2 Challenges of ASM
Cristina Villegas, Deputy Director, Mines to Markets, Pact
8.3 ASM and gender
Cristina Villegas, Deputy Director, Mines to Markets, Pact
8.4 Tensions between artisanal and large-scale mining
Cristina Villegas, Deputy Director, Mines to Markets, Pact
8.5 Key opportunities and the way forward
Cristina Villegas, Deputy Director, Mines to Markets, Pact

9 Revenue management

9.0 Introduction to Module 9
9.1 Challenges of revenue management
Mohammed Amin Adam, Deputy Minister of Energy, Ghana
9.2 Policy responses: savings, spending, public debt, and earmarking
Mohammed Amin Adam, Deputy Minister of Energy, Ghana
9.3 Natural resource funds
Perrine Toledano, Head, Extractive Industries, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment
9.4 Revenue sharing and decentralization
Cielo Magno, Assistant Professor, School of Economics, University of the Philippines

10 Investing in sustainable development: Economic linkages to the extractives sector

10.0 Introduction to Module 10
10.1 Introduction to economic linkages
Anthony Paul, Principal Consultant, Association of Caribbean Energy Specialists
10.2 Local employment
Anthony Paul, Principal Consultant, Association of Caribbean Energy Specialists
10.3 Local procurement
Anthony Paul, Principal Consultant, Association of Caribbean Energy Specialists
10.4 Enabling technology transfer
Anthony Paul, Principal Consultant, Association of Caribbean Energy Specialists
10.5 Downstream linkages
Anthony Paul, Principal Consultant, Association of Caribbean Energy Specialists

11 Investing in sustainable development: Looking beyond extractives

11.0 Introduction to Module 11
11.1 Investing in investing
Paul Collier, Professor of Economics and Public Policy, Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford University
11.2 Leveraging extractive industries for infrastructure
Perrine Toledano, Head, Extractive Industries, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment
11.3 (Optional) Integrated spatial planning
Michael Stanley, Sector Lead, Mining, World Bank
11.4 Resource-for-infrastructure deals
Håvard Halland, Economist, World Bank

12 Cross-cutting considerations and looking ahead
12.0 Introduction to Module 12
12.1 Political tripod and authorizing environment
Paul Collier, Professor of Economics and Public Policy, Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford University
12.2 Engaging citizens
Paul Collier, Professor of Economics and Public Policy, Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford University
12.3 Aligning extractive industries with the Sustainable Development Goals
Jeffrey Sachs, University Professor, Columbia University and Director, Sustainable Development Solutions Network
12.4 Course wrap-up
Lisa Sachs, Director, Columbia Center for Sustainable Investment
Patrick Heller, Advisor, Natural Resource Governance Institute

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